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          Introduction of mineralogy group knowledge


Minerals are solid and homogeneous compounds with regular arrangement of involved atoms that have been formed as natural. Up to now have been recognized 3000 minerals according to thermodynamics rules and stability condition. So, knowledge of this group is qualitative and quantitative study of component elements and minerals and  structure based on minerals in following methods:

 1-Study of minerals physical quality

          2-X-ray powder diffraction (difractometer system)

          3-X-ray monocrystal diffraction(monocrystal difractometer system)

          4-X-ray spectroscopy(x-ray fluorescence system)

          5-Infrared spectroscopy

          Mineralogy knowledge includes study of formation condition, qualities, sourcemineralogy structural changes and their application. So, this group needs basic sciences of minerals physics, minerals chemistry, crystallography, math, chemistry and physics for precise studies by mentioned methods that are accomplished in this group.

         Relation of mineralogy to other earth sciences is presented as abstract:

-General mineralogy

                 -Systematic mineralogy

                 -Mineralogy of valuable minerals

        -Study of aerolites

                 -Functional mineralogy


                 -Sediments of mineral deposits


                 -Environmental mineralogy of petrology

The natural model has been recognized in industry by knowing process of minerals establishment, therefore, minerals and synthetic materials have much applications in different industries based on minerals structure:

Industries of specific ceramics such as:electric insulator, superconductors, refractories,glass,ceramic,enamel,color,cement,medical,