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  • Page No 4

2-2 The abandoned mines of Iran
   2-2-1 The history of mining in Iran
   As historical manuscripts and available evidences exhibit, Iran is an ancient country in mining. In accordance with the obtained evidences from Kermanshah and Lorestan, mining has been started from Paleolithic Age. Archaeological studies indicated that the residents of Taleblis knew the significance of copper from 600 years ago. After copper exploitation, they started to make copper tools. From the second half of the first millennium B.C; with establishment of Achaemenian government until the appearance of Islam, mining technology and metals and gems exploitation were very common. From the date of appearance of Islam and at the early centuries after that, great scientists in Iran appeared, and many of their writings are available.
   Today, the mines, which were exploited in the previous centuries, are not assumed as abandoned mines. Most of them are considered in the category of mineral indices, except the ones that exploration studies has proved vice versa. The main abandoned mines of the country belong to 50 years ago. Considering the availability of mining data, the examination and modelling of them in order to present to the investors are in priority. Some of these mines, which were exploited by the foreign companies, were closed after the Islamic Revolution.
   Some of the main parts of these mines were located in the abandoned group, the others based on the governing economic conditions, and local discords were closed. Therefore, closing of these mines is not because of running out of their reserves.

2-2-2 Previous works on abandoned mines:
   During the previous examinations, the Ministry of Mines and Metals presented a plan in 1998. The plan title was;" Recognition and Determination of Inactive and Abandoned mines This plan includes 2 phases covering the examination and possibility of reopening the exploitable mines. At the first phase of the project, a list of all abandoned mines of the country was determined, and at the second phase, priorities were given to them. 14 mines were selected as example, then they were examined as follows;
   1.Kafeh salt mine, Sirjan/Pelaya-e-Sirjan

 2.Karim Abad and Shahdad Lut salt mine, Takab

 3.Shahr Babak Borate mine

 4.Abbas Abad mine, Shahroud

 5.Talc mine of Jandaq

 6.Jandaq mica mine

 7. Abbasabad mine, Zanjan

 8. mica

9.Khaneghah Talc, Khoy

10.Zarean mica

11.Hasan Abad-e-Astaneh and Nezam Abad Tungsten mine, Arak

12.Mardar Kouh? Chromite

13.Abu Mousa red soil 14.Fakhr Abad red soil, Yazd.  
   2-2-3 The statistics of abandoned mines of the country
   Considering the examinations and available references, at first a list of all abandoned mines of the country has been prepared. The abandoned mines of 28 provinces were determined, and metallic and non-metallic mines were separated.
2-2-4 The results of abandoned mines data arrangement :
   The performance of this project and arrangement of all available data on abandoned mines, which will have useful results, are as follows;
   1. Compilation of all data in a determined location which facilitates access to them.
   2. Making a suitable and similar structure for all data to facilitate the optimum usage of them
   3. Determination of all mineral potentials in each province
   4. Preparation of a suitable environment to attract the investors through designation of an appropriate and attractive data structure to them
2-2-5. The results of abandoned mines data arrangement :
   The performance of this project and arrangement of all available data on abandoned mines, which will have useful results, are as follows;
   1. Compilation of all data in a determined location which facilitates access to them.
   2. Making a suitable and similar structure for all data to facilitate the optimum usage of them
   3. Determination of all mineral potentials in each province
   4. Preparation of a suitable environment to attract the investors through designation of an appropriate and attractive data structure to them
   5. Preparation of a suitable structure to make a proper decision regarding mines for instance; activation and safety making processes 
  

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