NEOARCHAESPHAERA A. D. Miklukho-Maklay, 1963
Type species: Neoarchaesphaera magna A.
D. Miklukho-Maklay, 1963 (syn.: Archaesphaera magna
Suleymanov of E. V. Bykova, 1955, *464,
pl. 2, figs. 2, 3, non Archaesphaera magna
Suleymanov, 1945, *3086,
p. 126 = Neoarchaesphaera bykovae A.
D. Miklukho-Maklay, 1965, *2131, p. 31); OD.
Neoarchaesphaera A. D. Miklukho-Maklay, 1963 (*2130), p. 142.
Test free, spherical, up to 0.2 mm in diameter; wall calcareous, finely granular, dark colored in section, apparently not perforated, exterior with numerous narrow radial extensions that also do not show perforations: no apparent aperture. U. Devonian (Fammenian); USSR: Ural Mountains and central Asia.
Remarks: Originally the type species was designated as Archaesphaera magna Bykova, although Bykova illustrated it as A. magna Suleymanov without description and not as a new species. Miklukho-Maklay also observed that Bykova's identification was in error, as Suleymanov's species has a smooth surface. The type designation therefore is a deliberate misidentification, and according to the ICZN Art. 70 (c), the type species should then be known by the same specific name in the new genus but credited to the author of the genus, that is, Neoarchaesphaera magna Miklukho-Maklay, 1963. The later proposed new name N bykovae is a junior synonym. The specimen illustrated by Bykova (1955, *464, pl. 2, fig. 2) is here designated as the lectotype of Neoarchaesphaera magna Miklukho-Maklay. This specimen was reillustrated (somewhat retouched) by Miklukho-Maklay (1965, *2131, pl. 1, fig. 1), without indication as to whether or not this specimen was regarded as the "holotype" of A. bykovae.